H.F. 1 HOWARD FAMILY - Introduction.
 
The motto on the Howard coat-of-arms reads:
'NON  QUO  SED  QUO  MODO'
 
This family played a very prominent part in the history of England, particularly during the Tudor period, as is well known, and is now well spread out with many branches living in all parts of the English-speaking world.  The present head of the Howard family is the Duke of Norfolk, who resides at Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex, England. 
 
Typed by Althea and her son, Peter Davies provided the above as well as the piece that follows, (original quote unknown, possibly dictated by Winifred Marillier.  See e-mail letter from Peter Davies 15.4.2002):

'The Howards have been bedevilled by the most overweening pride.  It has been consistent through the centuries.  More than 400 hundred years ago they already regarded themselves as the sole representatives of the old nobility...
The Howard family holds or has held twenty-five different patents of creation to separate peerages, including the Earldoms of Surrey, Suffolk, Northampton, Stafford and Carlisle.  The Howards of Effingham, the Howards of Glossop, the Earls of Carlisle and of Suffolk continue to the present day.  In fact, the present Lord Howard of Glossop (also Lord Beaumont) inherited the Dukedom of Norfolk in 1975'
 
However, I must add that the Howard families known in South Africa are only very distantly related to this noble family and are all most humble, hardworking and upright citizens!!  Most were also rather poverty stricken!
 
The 1820 Settlers.
 
The shipping lists relating to the 1820 Settlers immigrating to South Africa reflect the names of three Howards and they were:
 
(1)             Thomas Howard, aged 24, who was in Sterley's party on 'John'
 
(2)             William Howard, aged 42, who headed his own party on the 'Ocean' with his wife, Elizabeth aged 39, and family of John, 17; William, 15; Thomas, 10; Mary Ann, 14; and Emily, 1. 
 
(3)             William Howard, aged 30, who accompanied Thornhill's party on the 'Zoroaster' with his wife, Sarah, 25; and family made up of Richard, 4; Jane, 6; and Maria aged 14.
 
However it has not been possible to establish any connection between the Howard family from Plymouth, which features in this collection of family trees, and any of the above named Settlers, although there was a belief among the older generation that they were descended from Thomas Howard.  Consequently this record is based on the information obtained from the family Bible, which is presently (1988) in the possession of Mrs. Jennifer Sparg (living in one of the Settler houses near Port Alfred) and, at that time no older direct lineage had been traced.  However, in 2001 Peter Davies sent information taken from a Bible, which came to him from his grandmother, Winifred May Marillier and through his mother, Althea Davies, which gave the names of the older generation of Howards living in Plymouth.  
 
Historical References:
 
The following are some extracts concerning the Howard family, during the time of the Spanish Armada, which may be of interest:
 
From: 'Discovering Amanda Britain' by Colin Elliott.
 
(1) 'The men who defeated the Spaniards did it on 'empty stomachs and a ration of rotten beer', as we know from a letter, which Lord Howard had to write to the Secretary of State Walsingham in the middle of the Armada preparations:
      "I know not which way to deal with the mariners to make them rest contented with sour beer, for nothing doth displease them more." '
 
(2) This is an extract relating to Lord Howard of Effingham reporting to Sir Francis Walsingham, who was the Secretary of State, prior to the sailing of the Spanish Armada:
      "I protest before God and as my life shall answer for it, that I think there were never in any place in the world worthier ships than these."
 
(4)    ' Legend, which seems to have the backing of common sense, puts the English Admirals on the [Plymouth] Hoe (i.e. high ground) when the first positive news of the Armada's position and disposition was received. Drake was not at their head.  English convention, just as much as Spanish, required noble blood in that position and the choice was Lord Howard of Effingham.  Drake's appointment would have aroused too many jealousies in any event.  The Naval historian, Michael Lewis described Howard as 'a fine Christian gentleman, a leader wise and talented, respected and loved' and he certainly handled what often looked like being an explosive situation, overcome with wonderful tact.
      There had been doubts whether the prickly Drake, whose track record clearly marked him out as the best sea fighter the country had, would agree to serve under anyone else.  Howard had the sense to respect and listen to Drake and an engaging little ceremony took place on the waters of Plymouth Sound when the Lord High Admiral arrived in his flagship the Ark Royal.  Drake, who had so far commanded everything in the West, sailed out to meet him, lowered his senior flag Officer's pennant and sent it across to Howard in a gesture of recognition of his authority, while Howard sent in return a vice-admiral's flag for Drake.  Conscious sighs of official relief are evident from a letter Howard wrote to Walsingham: "I must not omit to let you know how lovingly and kindly Sir Francis Drake beareth himself; and also how dutifully to Her Majesty's service and unto me, being in the place where I am in; which pray you he may receive thanks for by some private letter from you."
 
(4) 'From our position on Rame Head we might [then] have seen, at least with a good telescope, a strange little ceremony take place.  An air of medieval chivalry still clung to warfare in the sixteenth century and certain courtesies had to be observed before you could blow a chap's head off. Lord Admiral Howard (on three pounds a day, which was twice Drake's pay) sent off a single 80 ton pinnace, nicely named, Disdain to issue a challenge to his opposite number.  Sailing all alone up the solid wall of galleons the Disdain discharged a single tiny shot in the direction of the Spanish flagship.  The like being received in reply honour was now satisfied and battle could commence.
      One dramatic moment of the engagement was certainly visible from the vantage points on land.  Almost as soon as the fighting had begun a great explosion rent the 950 ton San Salvador of Miguel de Oquendo's squadron, which ship carried the paymaster general and a large proportion of the Armada's treasury, some of which was intended to fund any English Catholic gentry who might rise in Spain's support ...
...  That was the highlight of the fireworks for the Plymouth area spectators.  After a brisk exchange of fire Howard held his ships back.  With the advantage of the windward position and his faster ships he could stop and start the engagement at will and he had two good reasons for holding off.  One was his knowledge that the Spanish superiority would be overwhelming if the two fleets got to grappling at close quarters in the old style of naval warfare.  The other was to conserve his powder.  He had faith in his new style ships and new style armament, but this first encounter had shown him that the tight Spanish crescent formation with the strong ships protecting the weaker would not be easily broken and at best they had many days fighting in front of them ... So Howard bided his time and, using his ships like so many sheep dogs, slowly shepherded the great Spanish Flock before him until, to the watchers on the Plymouth shore, it disappeared to the east behind the outline of the Mewstone rock'
 
      'There was relief in Plymouth which had expected to be one of the prime targets for a landing, and perhaps the bells of the parish church of St. Andrew's at the top of the old town rang out in rejoicing.  It is a building with many Armada associations ... Drake and Howard took Communion [t]here before the battle ...'
 
(5) ' ... it is worth halting on the way to Reigate in Surrey, where a tomb in the parish church enfolds the Lord Admiral of England, Charles, Lord Howard of Effingham, who was laid to rest there thirty six years after banishing the Spaniards from the Channel.  He was eighty-eight and the last survivor of all the leading Armada figures in either country.'
 
(6) 'Howard wrote to the Queen's secretary Walsingham on August 29th as urgently as he had pleaded for ammunition a month before: "It were too pitiful to have men starve after such a service.  Therefore I had rather open the Queen's Majestey's [sic] purse somewhat than that they should be in that extremity; for we are to look to have more of these services; and if men should not be cared for better than to let them starve and die miserably we should very hardly get men to serve."
 
There is no surviving evidence of a royal response, but Howard and Hawkins dipped into their own pockets to relieve some of the distress ...
 
And some trivia -
 
The following are some other historical snippets of possible interest:
 
(1)  1st Duke of Norfolk died fighting for Richard III at Bosworth Field.
 
(2)  Thomas, Earl of Surrey's daughter, Elizabeth Howard married Sir Thomas Boleyn and they had three children  (i) George Boleyn, born 1503?; (ii) Anne Boleyn,  born 1507; and Mary, born 1508.  Also in 1508 the Earl of Surrey was appointed one of the ambassadors to negotiate a marriage treaty between the nephew of the regent of the Netherlands (who was married to Henry VIII's sister) and Margaret, Archduchess of Austria, who was the widow of the Duke of Savoy [Hapsburg family]. Both Howards and Boleyns were descendants of Edward I.
 
(3)  Thomas, Earl of Surrey was born in 1457 and in 1501 became Lord Treasurer of England.  He was the victor at Flodden Field in 1513 where he beat the Scots.  He also escorted Margaret Tudor to Scotland for her marriage to its monarch, James IV.
 
(4)  Lord Howard married Anne, the sister of Queen Elizabeth of York, who was the daughter of Edward IV
 
(5)  Sir Edward Howard, the Lord Admiral was killed at Brest in 1513. His brother, Earl of Surrey, became the Lord Admiral after him and arrived in Ireland in May,1520 as the King's Lieutenant, a more prestigious title than Deputy Lieutenant.
 
(6) At the end of the 18th. Century, clouds were very mysterious things although there were plenty of theories about how they formed. Then in 1802 Luke Howard, the son of a tinsmith in London, who had been fascinated by clouds from his childhood gave a talk, somewhat diffidently, to an obscure scientific society providing his classification of their structures. He named them for the first time 'cumulus', 'cirrus' etc.; his talk was enthusiastically received by the audience and also by the British public who have always been obsessed by the weather.  Controversy arose over the nomenclature (but Howard's prevailed), which eventually led to the founding of the Royal Meteorological Society, to which Howard was elected.
[Refer to the book "The Invention of Clouds" by Richard Hamblyn or to
http://www.cloudman.com/luke/luke_howard.htm  for more details and a picture of him]
 
The Howard Family from Plymouth and their descendants who emigrated from England to South Africa.
 
H1/2.[1] Henry Howard    =      Susannah Pound
        (1814 - 1891)   [m.1838]    (1814 - 1895)
 
Henry Howard was the son of [HF1/1.1] Henry and Elizabeth Howard of Plymouth, England.
 
 [His father's dates have not been traced but his mother, Elizabeth, was born January, 1793 and died according to the Howard Bible in South Africa on 20.9.1879 (?) in Portsmith, but refer to dedication on the Bible given to her grandson HBM Howard, signed and dated 30.11.1879, on separate section H1/4.[2][3] ]
 
 He was born in that city on 11.1.1814 and he was married there on 30.6.1838 to Susannah Pound.  She was born on 19.6.1814 also in Plymouth and was the daughter of Samuel and Susannah Pound.  Henry Howard became a Surveyor of Works in His Majesty's Royal Engineers and he came out to South Africa, where he spent some years, mainly building roads in the Cape Province, particularly in the Albany district, such as Hell Poort and Queen's Road.  Those roads through the passes and mountains required great surveying skill.  Much of the labour was supplied by the army and supplemented by convicts.  He brought his two sons, Josias and William Courtice Howard to South Africa with him.  They were both born in Plymouth, but after their father returned to the United Kingdom, they remained in South Africa, living for many years in King William's Town.  Not much else is known of Henry or his parents.  He returned to Plymouth and remained there until his death on 29.11.1891.  His wife, Susannah outlived him, dying on 30.8.1895 in Mutney, in England.  They had four sons but two, Henry John Howard and Frederick Edwin Howard died young.
 
Census, 1851:Henry Howard - Head of family, married, aged 37, Foreman of works Royal Engineers Dept. born Plymouth, Devon.
                     Susanna Howard - wife, married, aged 36, born Plymouth, Devon
                     Address: Kinterbury, St. Budeaux (Registration Dist. Of Plympton, St. Mary.
                     [Source: LDS microfilm 0221025 PRO Ref. HO 107/1877 Folio 626 Page 10 - from Sue Budlong, Virginia, USA]
Census, 1881:Henry Howard - Head of family, married, aged 68, Retired surveyor Royal Engineer (1st class), born Plymouth, Devon.
                     Susanna Howard - wife, married, aged 67, born Plymouth, Devon
                     William C. Howard - son - unmarried, aged 36, Watchmaker & Jeweller, born Plymouth, Devon.
                     Address: 7 Laira [sic] Terrace, Plymouth (Charles the Martyr Parish)
                     [Source: LDS microfilm 1341527 PRO Ref. RG 11/2191 Folio 9 Page 11
                     from Sue Budlong, Virginia, USA.
 
The question arises where was William Courtice Howard, aged 7, when the 1851 Census was taken?  Was he away from home or simply overlooked?
 
H1/3.[1]1 Henry John Howard, who was born on 25.12.1839 in Plymouth and died   on 15.7.1847 at Chatham.
 
H1/3.[1][2]Josias Howard (1841 - 1915)  See separate section H1/3[1][2] to follow.
 
H1/3.[1]3 Frederick Edwin Howard, who was born on 20.2.1843 in Plymouth and died on 8.4.1843 also in Plymouth.
 
H1/3.[1]4 William Courtice Howard,  who was born on 22.5.1844 in Plymouth  and was shown (as above) in the 1881 census, which listed his occupation as Watchmaker & Jeweller, so he must have come out to South Africa later than his brother did and sometime after 1881.  He was unmarried and died on 5.11.1912 in King William's Town, where he had become an Accountant and Commision Agent.  .
 
Written by Gladys Milton in about 1971:
 
I know little about the early history of the Howards, but believe the first of our family to come to this country was Thomas Howard in 1820.
 
[Thomas Howard came out as an Independent, but this immigrant may not be connected to our family, as several Howards were among the Settlers and no direct connection has been traced to any of them.  The information given on the Family tree was based on that written in the Howard Bible, which only went back to Henry Howard and Susannah Pound, giving the names, but nothing else, of his parents, Henry and Elizabeth.]
 
Later, my great-grandfather, Henry Howard came out to South Africa as leader of some road building engineers.  They constructed many important roads, etc. with difficult surveying.  Henry returned to England when his job was done, but a son born in England, but out here with him (Old Josias Howard) remained and lived for many years in King William's Town, his brother Courtice lived with him but was not married.  He had a name for being especially fond of the bottle ... I remember their home 'Bradville' in King William's Town and their mother (Henry's wife) who was a Miss Bradfield, a very lovely, aristocratic old lady.
 
 
H1/3 [1][2] Josias Howard    =   Julia Martha Wright.
                (1841 - 1915)   [m.1862]       (1840? - 1899)
 
Josias Howard was the second son of Henry Howard and Susannah Howard nee Pound.  He was born in Plymouth on 2.9.1841 and came to South Africa with his father and youngest brother, Courtice.  He was married in King William's Town on 8.4.1862 to Julia Martha Wright.  She was the daughter of Benjamin William Wright*, who accompanied his mother, Julia Turvey nee Daniel* (formerly Wright), his sister, Mary Wright*, also his brother, William Wright, his step-father, Edward Turvey and step-brothers and sisters  [See the Turvey Family tree and the Turvey Family Connection overleaf] to South Africa.  Edward Turvey was the head of his own party on the 'Sir George Osborn'.  The party came from London where Edward Turvey practised as an artist and drawing master.  Julia Martha Howard nee Wright's mother was Eleanor Ann Adkins Bradfield*, the daughter of John Bradfield* and Mary Bradfield nee Simms*, Settlers in Calton's party on the 'Albury'.  Josias Howard became an auctioneer and conveyancer in King William's Town.

They had a family of seven children, six boys and only one daughter, Florence, and the second last child, Benjamin Wright Howard, died just before his first birthday.

Josias Howard died in King William's Town on 8.2.1915 and his wife, Julia, predeceased him by 16 years, also dying there, on 15.1.1899.  There is some question as to when Julia Martha Howard was born and various dates have been suggested by relatives and other sources  - these range between 3.1.1833 and 23.12.1840 and it has not been possible to clarify the position as yet.

Their eldest son, Henry Benjamin Marshall Howard married into the Warner family and so did their daughter, Florence, thus forming a double link between the two families.
Their children were:
 
                     H1/4.[2][3] Henry Benjamin Marshall Howard, (1863 - 1939) see section   H1/4[2][3] to follow.
 
H1/4[2]John Edward Percy Howard, who was the second son of Josias Howard and Julia Martha Howard nee Wright and he was  born on 29.7.1864 in King William's Town, Eastern Cape Province and was called Percy.  It is believed that he was educated in England.  He became an auctioneer and he married Grace Cuthbertson Georgeson on 17.10.1893 in East London, Eastern Cape. She was born on 8.4.1864 although it is not known where she was born or grew up, but she died about 1946 in Johannesburg.  Percy died in about 1918 in East London.  Few facts are known about him or his family.

His wife, Grace, and their unmarried daughter, Gracie (known to all her nieces and nephews as 'dear Aunt Gracie') lived in a small flat in Johannesburg until about 1946(?) when Grace, the mother, died.  They had been residing there for about 3 or 4 years prior to that.  Gracie then went to join her sister, Florence Violet, whose husband, Alfred White, had also diedAll her life, Gracie suffered greatly from asthma; she was a kind and gentle person, always interested in children and young people, considerate and pleasant.  It is probable that both she and her sister died in about 1964 at Kei Mouth on the east coast of South Africa. 
Percy and Grace had two children:
 
                  H1/5(Ba) Grace Agnes Howard, (Gracie) born 23.9.1894 in East London and died in 1964(?) in Kei Mouth, Eastern Cape.  She was unmarried.
 
H1/5(Bb) Florence Violet Howard, born 18.6.1898 in East London and died about 1964(?) in Kei Mouth.  She married Alfred White, who was a schoolmaster.

From Ruth May:
I remember Gracie and her mother visiting us at 'Graystones' and it seems to me that this was at about the time of my engagement when I was gathering together and stitching my trousseau, which would have been in 1948/9.  I also seem to remember my mother telling me that Gracie had gone to live with her sister following her mother's death.  However, none of this coincides with Brian Warner's recollections and dates, as shown above, so all need confirmation.  Brian recalls taking his Aunt Grace and Gracie out driving in the car with him in Johannesburg and pin-points that time/date by when he came down to that city from Rhodesia.
 
H4/4[2][4] Minto Howard, (1865 - 1930) see section H1/4[2][4] to follow.
 
 H4/4[2][5]  Herbert Howard(1867 - 1931)  see section H1/4[2][5] to  follow.
 
H1/4[2]Florence Howard, who was born on 9.8.1870 in King William's Town and she married Walter Ernest Warner on 12.7.1898 in King William's Town.  He was the son of Ebenezer Joseph Warner and Emma Ruth Warner nee Bradfield.  Florence died in May, 1946 in Umtata, Transkei.  They had four children who are listed on the Warner tree.  See section WF1/2 (still to come)
 
 
H1/4[2]Benjamin Wright Howard, who was born on 29.3.1872 and died just before his first birthday, on 22.3.1873 in King William's Town.
 
H4/4[2]G Thomas Willie Marshall Howard, (1874 - 1902  this date of death can not be correct if he had a daughter Violet Ida  born in 1904!  See **), the seventh and youngest child of Josias Howard and Julia Martha Howard nee Wright was born on 17.2.1874 in Kind William's Town and he was married to Ida Frances Palmer on 5.6.1899 in Thomas River, Cathcart, where his wife was born. He died on 2.4.1902 in King Williams Town.  He became a conveyancer and they had three daughters:
 
H1/5.(Ga)  Vera Constance Howard, who was born on 16.9.1900 in King William's Town.
 
H1/5.(Gb)  Ida May Howard, who was born on 4.11.1901 in King William's Town.
 
H1/5.(Gc)  Violet Ida Howard, who was born in 1904 (this date needs confirmation as her father listed above as died in 1902** ) and she died 20.2.1905 in King William's Town.
 
**This information given to me is obviously suspect and, consequently, Violet Ida Howard was added to the original tree with a dotted line and question marks to imply that nothing about her had been confirmed, except her date of death.  Therefore I believe there is must have been some misunderstanding over her age at the time of her death or some other explanation.  Perhaps it's more likely the father's date of death is incorrect.
 
 
THE  TURVEY,  DANIEL  and  WRIGHT  FAMILY CONNECTIONS.
 
1820 Settlers:
 
TURVEY  -  Edward, 39, Merchant; wife Julia, 42 [or 39 on other lists]; children:   Benjamin, 17 **; Mary, 14**; Eliza, 11; Edward, 9; Louisa, 8; George, 6.   Leader of Turvey's party on 'Sir George Osborn'.
                     [See note to follow: Benjamin, 17 and Mary, 14 were the children of Julia's (1st) marriage to William Wright of Dublin and stepchildren of Edward Turvey]
 
TURVEY   -  John, 32; in Turvey's party on 'Sir George Osborn'.
 
DANIEL    -  Charles,  age?  In Turvey's party on 'Sir George Osborn?
 
   DANIEL   -  John, 22, Jeweller, in Turvey's party on 'Sir George Osborn'  Son of Peter      Daniel of Turvey's Party
 
 DANIEL   -  Peter, 42, Jeweller; wife Eliza, 39; children: Peter, 18; Thomas, 9; Ann, 2; Frederick, 1; in Turvey's party on 'Sir George  Osborn'.
 
    DANIEL   -  Simpson, 32, Jeweller; wife Mary, 27; children: Sophia, 6; Eliza, 5;         Amelia, 3; Robert, 1; Isabella; in Turvey's party on 'Sir George Osborn'
 
WRIGHT  -  William, 26, Ironmonger; wife Rosa. 27; children: Martha, 2; William, 1; in Turvey's party on 'Sir George Osborn'
 
 
From: 'Roll of the British Settlers in South Africa' by E. Morse Jones.
 
Edward Turvey (1781 - ?)  He was married in 1802 to Julia, widow of William Wright of Dublin.  He led a party of Settlers from London sailing in 'Sir George Osborn' in 1820.  An artist he made a sketch of Theopolis Mission in 1823 and in 1828 accompanied Surgeon Alexander Cowie and Benjamin Green from Grahamstown to the Umtata River, returning in 1829 and making drawings during his journey.  He sold these to Surgeon Andrew Steedman.  He also made a picture of Fort Willshire.
 
Peter Daniel (1777 - 1852) A goldsmith of Dublin he sailed in 'Sir George Osborn' in 1820.  He was working as a jeweller at Grahamstown in 1841 when he was a shareholder in the Grahamstown Public Library.  He died at Grahamstown and was buried there.
 
WRIGHT  -  William, 26, Ironmonger; wife Rosa. 27; children: Martha, 2; William, 1; in Turvey's party on 'Sir George Osborn'
 
NOTE:   The 'Benjamin, aged 17', mentioned under Turvey, was the stepson of Edward Turvey, being the son of his wife, Julia formally Wright nee Daniels and his name was Benjamin William Wright.  Also, the 'Mary, aged 14' was Julia's child by her first marriage and she was, in fact Mary Wright.  They  all emigrated together as a family under the leadership of Edward Turvey.
 
 
From: 'The Settler Handbook' by M. D. Nash.
 
Turvey's Party.  No; 55 on the Colonial Department List, led by Edward Ford Turvey, a drawing master of 32, Southampton Road, Strand, London.  Turvey was initially a member of the party led by Thomas Mahoney, whose application to emigrate was accepted on the recommendation of the Dowager Countess of Liverpool, Turvey's pupil and patron. [See Mahoney's Party, which is under the Freemantle Family].  Mahoney then attempted to drop Turvey from the party; Turvey, in high indignation, applied to take out a separate party of his own, again invoking the Dowager Countess's patronage to lend weight to his application.  A large proportion of Turvey's new party consisted of his own relatives and family connections.  They included his aged father, John Turvey [82, farmer]; two of his wife's sons by a former marriage, William and Benjamin Wright; his brother-in-law, Peter Clarke Daniel, and Daniel's brother, Sampson(sic) ...  Turvey proposed to hire farm labourers from Burwash to make up a total of 14 men altogether.  It is not clear how many men on the final sailing list were either Turveys, Burgis, or P.C. Daniel's indentured servants, nor where they were recruited, although at least one of them, John Kemp, was a Burwash man and had his deposit paid by that parish.  He signed an agreement with Turvey binding himself for five years' service in return for an annual wage of twenty pounds, a cottage and an acre of garden ground, and the promise of 5 acres of his own at the end of his term of service.  A late addition to the party, Thomas Willy, was a Londoner from the Old Kent Road who had applied unsuccessfully to emigrate at the head of a small party of his own.
There were frequent changes in the make-up of the party, and Turvey's lists are confused and inconsistent, with considerable variation in the given ages of some of the members.  Benjamin Wright for instance, 15 is entered as 22 on the first party list and 17 - entailing a saving of five pounds in deposit money - on the final sailing list.  Turvey's artistic talents were undoubtedly superior to his organising ability, and it is to be regretted  that only one example of his professional work is known to survive. [an engraving, published in 1835, was from a sketch made on the spot, of a trading fair at Fort Willshire, by Edward Turvey.]
 
[There is a copy of this engraving of the Trading Fair at Fort Willshire is printed on page 130 of 'The Settler Handbook' by M. D. Nash, from a sketch by Edward Turvey.]
 
Deposits were paid for 14 men altogether, and the party embarked in the 'Sir George Osborn' which sailed from the Downs on 16 March, 1820, reaching Simon's Bay on 17th June.  Ellen Burgis, wife of John Burgis, died at sea, and two babies, Mary Keevey and Isabella Daniels were born on board ship.  The Settlers reached Algoa Bay early in July, with P.C. Daniels(sic) temporarily in charge after Turvey had been inadvertently left behind in Simon's Town.
The party was located on the road to Trompeter's Drift Post.
 
DANIEL  -   John, 19; Jeweller. (He was in Damant's party on 'Ocean' so not of the Daniel family, which were in Turvey's party and are listed hereafter)
 
DANIEL  -   Peter Clarke, 44; Jeweller, wife Eliza, 38; children: Peter, 15; Isabella, 14; Thomas, 9; Sampson, 7, Eliza, 4; Ann, 2; Frederick, 1.
 
 
DANIEL - Sampson, (sic) (or Simpson?) 32, Jeweller, wife Mary, 27; children: Sophia, 6; Eliza, 5; Amelia, 3; Robert, 1; Isabella (born at sea)
 
TURVEY  -   John, 82, Farmer.  
 
WRIGHT  -   Benjamin, 17 (stepson of Edward Turvey)
                    ( Plus other Turveys and Wrights as previously given).
 
 
DETAILS OF TURVEY FAMILY CONNECTION TO THE HOWARD FAMILY.
 
(1)John Turvey  married Judith Ford and they had two children:
                      
(A)        Edward Turvey*, born in 1781 in Ireland; married Julia Wright nee  
           Daniel,  a widow, in 1802 or 1806 in Dublin. [Probably 1806 as the third child by William, Mary Wright was born 1805 or 1806]  Edward died in   Grahamstown on 24.4.1843 and Julia died there, too on 1.2.1837.
        She had two children from her marriage to William Wright:
 
 (a)   Benjamin William Wright* (1796/7 - 1834), married Eleanor  
        Ann Adkins Bradfield* (1800 - 1873) in 1817 and they had 6 children:
           (i)    John Smithson Wright     (1827 - 1865)
(ii)   Abigail Morrison Wright (1825 - 1856)
(iii)  Mary Watson Wright        (1829 -    ?  )
(iv)  Ellen Bradfield Wright     (1831 -1853)
(v)   Julia Martha Wright          (1840 - 1899), married    Josias Howard (1841 - 1915)
(vi)      one other child born 1834.
 
 
(b)  Mary Wright(1805/6 -  ?  ) married George Nelson in 1823.
 
And possibly a third child (?) William Wright* (1795 - 1857), who married Rosa Stratford* (1794 - 1867) and they had 8 children. c.1 Martha Wright (b.1818, married 9.8.1830 Charles Caldecott; c.2 William (1819-1821) and 6 others.
 
[This other William Wright* was a Settler in the same party and on the same ship, but his relationship to Julia Wright nee Daniels is unknown to me as, if her age is given correctly on the Shipping Lists, she would have been only 14 or 15 at the time of his birth. Refer to family details at Albany Museum, Grahamstown, South Africa for further information;  also see Warner tree for connection to Caldecott family.]
 
 
  (2) Edward Turvey and Julia Wright nee Daniels   had four children:
 
Elizabeth Jane Turvey* (1809 - 1837) married  Thomas
        Bradfield*  
   
(b)     Edward Mortimer Turvey* (1811 - 1897) married Jane Sophia  Daniel* and they had 9 children.
 
 
                              (C)  Louisa Turvey*  (1812 -1839) married Edmund Bradfield and  they had 3 children
 
    (D) George Turvey*   (1814 -  ?  )
 
 
DETAILS OF DANIEL FAMILY CONNECTION TO THE HOWARD FAMILY.
 
[I have used the spelling  Daniel, as given on my tree.  H. E. Hockly makes clear there were FOUR spellings! Daniel, Daniell (both on 'Ocean' but in different parties) Daniells x 2 (on 'Duke of Marlborough') and DANIELS (John, Peter, Simpson in Turvey's party on 'Sir G. Osborne', who are connected through Julia Martha Wright to the Howards., but apparently he was mistaken over the spelling of this family's name]
 
(1) Charles Daniel   (? not mentioned on H.E.Hockly's list, but John , aged 19 is)
 
(2) Peter Daniel*  (1776/8 -   ?  ) married Eliza* (1781/2 -  ?  ) and they had 4  children:
 
(A)  Peter Daniel*        (1802 -  ?  )
(B)Thomas Daniel*    (1811 -  ?  )
(C)Ann Daniel*         (1818  -   ? )  married George Farley
(D)Frederick Daniel* (1819  -  ? )
 
 
 
          (3) Simpson Daniel*  (1788 -  ?  ) married Mary Ann D'Egville* and they had 5 children:
 
(A) Jane Sophia Daniel* (1814 -  ?  )  married  Edward Mortimer Turvey* and     they had 9 children.
(B)  Eliza Daniel*             (1815 -  ?  )
(C)  Amelia Daniel*        (1817 -  ?  )
(D)  Robert Daniel*          (1819 -  ?  )
(E)   Isabella Daniel*    born 22.4.1820, at sea, married Edmund Bradfield* and they had 5 children:
(a)    Isabella Sarah Bradfield.
(b)    Edmund Simms Bradfield
(c)    Mary Eliza Bradfield
(d)    Charles Frederick Bradfield
(e)    Eleanor Mary Bradfield
 
(F) Eleanor Daniels born after 1820 and married Thos. Webster jnr.
 
(4) Eleanor Daniels born after 1820 and married Thos. Webster jnr.  Julia Daniels*, who was born 1778/1781 and died 1.12.1837 in Grahamstown. She married (1st.) William Wright and  (2nd) Edward Turvey* and she had 7 children as shown above under the Turvey connection.
 
 
THE HOWARD FAMILY IN SOUTH AFRICA.
 
 
H1/4[2][3]  Henry Benjamin Marshall Howard   =   Emmeline May Warner.
                                   (1863 - 1939)                   [m.1885]           (1865 - 1958)
 
Henry Benjamin Marshall Howard was the eldest son of Josias Howard and Julia Martha Howard nee Wright and he was born on 28th.February, 1863 in King William's Town.  Most of his education was undertaken in England but in December, 1879 when he was nearly seventeen, he left Plymouth for South Africa.  His grandparents, Susannah Howard nee Pound and Henry Howard, presented him with a Bible at the time of his departure.
 
 
                        
 
                          Henry Benjamin Marshall Howard - photograph taken
                          between 1882 and 1888. (These are the dates when photographer
                                 J. Rindl was working in Kingwilliamstown)
 
This Bible is presently in the possession of Peter E. Davies, his great grandson, who is living in Middlesex, England and who wrote on 4.2.2002, 'The "Family Bible" I have was printed in 1813.  At the head of the fly leaf is written the name "Elizabeth Howard" - born January, 1793; died September 20th 1879 (at Portsmith, England).'
 
The writing continues: "Presented to Henry B. M. Howard by his Grandparents December, 1879 on his leaving Plymouth on completion of his education, for King Williams Town at the Cape of Good Hope with their fervent prayers that this Bible which was so much valued by his Great Grandmother [Elizabeth Howard] may by its use by him comfort and guide his path during his future life on earth to the Heavenly Home above for our Blessed Saviour's sake Amen." It is initialled and dated 30/11/79.
 
The Bible is in dreadful condition (paper crumbling, etc.) and I had difficulty reading the above but think it is fairly accurate.  The Bible is quite large and was given to me (sadly in the current bad state) to look after by my Mother after my Grandmother (Winifred) died.  I guess it suffered from being moved and stored so many times in far from ideal conditions. I have stored it in the brown tar-paper cover it had when it was given to me and keep the whole lot in a very large "Jiffy Bag" envelope.  I don't think it is in good enough condition to even attempt to restore it - the outer (presumably) leather covers being entirely missing with only the original leather spine partly remaining.
 
Henry Benjamin Marshall Howard became an Attorney and a Conveyancer practicing in King William's Town.  On 2.9.1885 at Mount Arthur he was married, his future father-in-law officiating, to Emmeline May Warner, who was the daughter of Ebenezer Joseph Warner, a missionary and British Resident Magistrate, and Emma Ruth Jenkins Warner nee Bradfield [of 1820 Settler descent].   He was aged 22 and she was 20.  Their first child was born in King William's Town in 1887, but the second was born about two years later in Pietermaritzburg and by the time the third child was born in 1891, they had moved to Cala, in the Transkei where they remained until at least the end of 1902 as their youngest, Stanley, was born there.
Emmeline, always called May, came of a large family of five boys and four girls and two of her sisters (Matilda, called Hilda and Mary Maud, called Polly) remained unmarried, so they often lived with the Howard family and were available to assist May in the house and with the raising of the babies.
 
 [In later years these two spinsters were usually referred to as 'the maiden aunts' or 'the old aunts' and they each lived to a venerable age, as Hilda died aged 98 and Polly died aged 96]
 
In spite of their large family, it was not really a happy marriage and eventually Henry and May parted company, the younger children remaining with their mother, who moved up to Johannesburg, living in a house in Malvern, while her sons, Jack and Harry were working at the Simmer and Jack mine near Germiston and their two older sisters were married.
 
Written by Ruth May:
Life was not easy for the family nor for their mother.  Although after school, Jack had been taken on as a clerk, by his Uncle Walter Warner, as Jennifer Jonson wrote, 'due to family circumstances which were never discussed, he was only there a short time ...' and he and Harry then got jobs at the Simmer & Jack mine 'in order to support their mother, four sisters and young brother Stanley, who was retarded.'
Unfortunately, because the background circumstances were never discussed within the family, it is difficult to record exactly what happened all those years ago and because my father was very against my delving into the family history concerning either his or my mother's side when I wished to compile the trees, saying that I would be bound to uncover 'skeletons', the conclusions I have drawn from various remarks and hints that did come my way are as follows: both grandfathers were alcoholics, which made life very difficult for their individual spouses, so both marriages, that is H.M.B.Howard's and W.R.Freemantle's,  ended in separation, with the younger children remaining with their mothers.  The ensuing lack of money only increased the many hardships for all of them. In addition to the drinking problem, there was some kind of financial situation in H.B.M.Howard's office, details of which are now unknown, but from the sort of remarks attributed to Aunt Polly, who claimed she was always very fond of him and was utterly convinced that he was innocent of any wrong doing, the trouble all being due to another man in his office, lead one to believe that some kind of dishonest dealing or something that reflected badly upon him or another took place there.  However, far from wishing to disparage him without knowing the facts, I can add nothing more concerning this episode in his life.  Nor do I know whether that played any part in their deciding to separate.  In addition, Stanley's condition, another aspect never discussed, must have complicated their relationship.  Again, from hints and implications, mostly from my mother, I was led to believe Stanley had suffered from meningitis as a small child, which affected his brain and left him 'simple' for the rest of his shortened life.  He died at about 25 years of age.
 
Jennifer Jonson wrote:
Concerning Stanley, I was always told that Granny had had an accident in a buggy just before Stanley was born, as a result of which he was "born asleep", was retarded and suffered from fits for the rest of his life ... For one reason or another, (lack of medical knowledge, possible stigma attached to mental problems, etc.)[I suspect] this story was put about as a bit of a cover up.
 
Both Jack and Harry enlisted in the army, were with the forces in France and Harry was killed at the front there prior to the Battle of Delville Wood and May and the younger members of the family remained in the house in Malvern.
 
Jennifer Jonson adds:
Concerning the whereabouts of Granny at the time of Harry's death, I have never heard that she was at Concession [the move there may have been somewhat later] but as this was the official address given and as so many people seem to remember it, I am probably in error.
However, my father Jack Howard, told me that he planted a grapevine at the Malvern house just prior to joining the army.  While he was away, Granny had it pruned by an expert but it never bore fruit and when he returned he pruned it himself.  When he was first in Rhodesia she sent him up a large box of grapes from the vine.  This would suggest that she was in the Malvern house until the early 20's.
I was also under the impression that it was at this time that Granny and the younger sisters became Anglicans when the Anglican Minister was very good to them at the time of Harry's death. I should be interested to know what Althea, Jeanne and Helen know about this as it is quite possible that I had got my wires crossed.
 
Henry Benjamin Marshall Howard and Emmeline May Howard nee Warner had nine children: 
 
H2/5.[3]Gladys Maud Howard          (1887 -  1980/81)  
 
H2/5.[3]Winifred May Howard         (1889 - 1985)
 
H2/5.[3][6] John Cecil Guy Howard      (1891 - 1982)
 
H2/5.[3]d Harold Benjamin Howard     (1893 - 1918)
 
         H2/5.[3]e Flossie Ruth Howard             (1895 - 1981) 
 
H3/5.[3]Phyllis Howard                    (1897 - 1953)
 
H2/5.[3]Doris Ethel Howard              (1899 - 1948)
 
H2/5.[3]Muriel Alys Howard              (1901 - 1954)
 
H2/5.[3]i  Stanley Howard                    (1902 - 1927/8