THE BLACKER  FAMILY  CONNECTION.
 
A HISTORY OF THE FAMILY OF CARRICK-BLACKER IN IRELAND.
 
1.  The following was written by Major Latham C. M. Blacker and completed in Dublin, 1901.         
 
2.  Copied by hand by Maude Liefeldt : 12.2.1907, Alice, Cape Colony, from the original sent by Mr Wiclif Warner to Grandfather, Henry Blacker Warner, 1904
 
3.  Handwritten copy of the above made by Ruth May in Gordons Bay in 1972
 
4.  A typescript produced in Cape Town, 1989.
 
5.  And this onto computer files in Perth, Australia, 2002.
 
6.  Finally being placed on the internet site by Andrew Eric Howard May in 2003.
 
Owing to the fact that this history has been transcribed by hand on more than one occasion, there are many words, and particularly names, which have proven to be very difficult to decipher.   Where doubt has arisen a [?] has been inserted after the word in question.   This may lead to a certain disruption when reading but will enable the more serious student to research further knowing that close alternatives may well have reflected on the original manuscript.   Unfortunately, the whereabouts of this first history, sent out to Henry Warner by his cousin Wiclif, has not been traced as yet, so this 'copy of a copy of a copy' is included herewith (errors and all) to ensure that the gist of the contents is not irrevocably lost to those members of the family who may find it interesting.
 
Note: The copy made by Maude Liefeldt [that is, Martin Helen Maude Warner, who married Houghton Gray; was the daughter of Maria Elizabeth Warner, called 'the lovely Lilian'; and granddaughter of Henry Blacker Warner and Elizabeth Anne Warner nee Wakefield] was in the possession of Mrs Nora Warner, [wife of Cecil Claridge Lamont Warner] and, presumably, will remain in the hands of one of her sons.
 
Note: Details of the various Irish towns mentioned will be found after this account and are taken from the Automobile Association 'Book of Ireland' (printed 1956-65)
 
PREFACE
 
In presenting this account of the history of this family, I am actuated by the hope that it will meet with the approval of its members, and even the notice of others, as little pains have been spared by research to make it as complete as possible.
 
In some parts where the direct descent of such an old pedigree is difficult to prove exactly, owing to the destruction or absence of ancient records, the circumstantial evidence is too strong to be disregarded.  There are, indeed, instances of families who claim to be of Danish descent, and have actually enjoyed various distinctions in consequence, without having any evidence of any kind to produce, the name itself in one case being of pure Irish derivation.
                                                                                       LATHAM C. M. BLACKER.
 
                                                                                                            Major.
Dublin, 1901.    
 
 A  HISTORY  OF  THE  FAMILY
OF  CARRICK - BLACKER
In  IRELAND.
 
Dedicated by permission to the present head of the family, The Rev. Canon Robert S. Carew Blacker, J.P.  M.A.  (Trin. Coll. Dublin.) of Carrickblacker, County Armagh, and Woodbrook, County Wexford,  Honorary Canon of Peterborough Cathedral, Hereditary Lord of Ath Cliath.
 
BLACKER  OF  CARRICKBLACKER
 
The history of this family is interwoven with Norse, English and Irish records to a remarkable extent.   Its origin dates with considerable certainty as far back as the 9th century, when the Northmen were spreading down over the countries of Ireland, Scotland and England, France and other regions.
The name is derived from Blacaire, [1] son of Godfred  [2] son of Ivar (or Imhar) son of Reguar Lodbrog [3] King of Denmark, who was descended from Odin [4] King of Asgardia, circa 76 B.C. descendant of Eric [5] King of Scandinavia, circa. 2000 B.C. [6] Ivar invaded Ireland about the year 872 [see appendix, para. (e)] at the head of a large fleet and landed where Dublin now stands, when he and his companions speedily subjugated the surrounding country, acquiring also the ports of Waterford and Limerick.  This Ivor is known as the Ard Ri [or chief king]  as Ivar Beinlans [?] or the Boneless.
 
            It is curious that there is still in Norway a town called Blakier and an ancient family, Blackar of Blackargaard, connected, no doubt with the Blacaire of those days.  Blacaire achieved a great reputation by slaying the champion of Ireland, Muircheartach (of the leather cloaks) either at Ardee, County Louth, or on the banks of the Bann, where Carrickblacker now stands.  He was at the time King of Dublin (then known as Dyflin) [See Appendix (d)] during the absence of his eldest brother Anloff [7] (Amlave or Amlaith) on an expedition to Northumbria and who met with a disasterous defeat at Brumanburgh [8] near Beverly at the hands of Athelstone, first King of England.  On Anloff's return to Dublin, Blacaire was either banished or sent on forays in one of which he was killed A.D. 946, with 1600 men by Congaloch, titular King of Ireland, at the Battle of Ath-Cliath.  His son Sitric MacBlacar, succeeded him, but the name now disappears from the Irish Annals and reappears in Yorkshire in Wigston Hundred [Doomsday Book] as landholder before the Conquest.  From thence it is traced to the Parish of Grete Sandal, Yorkshire in the Testamenta Eboraciensa, and finally reoccurs in Valentine Blacker, one of the officers of ? '49 ? who returned to Ireland about the commencement of the 17th century, as Commandant of Horse & Foot and who acquired the lands of Carrowbrack [9], County Armagh, which are now held by the head of the family, the Rev. Canon R.S.C. Blacker M.A., also of Woodbrook, Enniscorthy, County Wexford.  It has been alleged by some that the family is of English origin, but the great similarity of the name in Norway (Black is a pure Swedish word, meaning a 'fetter' or 'gyve'.) coupled with the facts that part of Yorkshire in those days, about the time of the Conquest, were largely colonised by Danes and Norsemen, who were duly noted in the Doomsday Book, leads one to the irresistible conclusion that it is the same stock.
 
            Sitric MacBlacar (or son of Blacar) disappeared from the annals of the Four Masters, and the inference is that he immigrated to Yorkshire - where his uncle, Anloff, had possession of an old standing - and settled as a landowner.  The name Blacre occurs three times in the Doomsday Book: and the total land held by them was about ten hides, of from 800 to 1200 acres.  Anloff and his first cousin, Auloffe Cuaran, [or Olaf Cuaran] made great efforts to conquor [sic] the whole of England, having already practical possession of that part north of the Humber.  They allied themselves with Constantine [10] King of Scotland (whose daughter Auloffe Cuaran had married; he afterwards married [difficult to decipher: Donn Flaith or Dom Flaith (?), but the name of his wife actually was Gormflaeth ingen Murchada MacFinn ] and with then Welsh princes and the Irish, and sailed up the river Humber, with a fleet of 625 ships (A.D. 937).  Athelstone hired the aid of Therolf and Egils, two Vikings, with his brother, Edmund, gave battle at Brumanburgh (supposed to be near Beverly) where the Scotish [sic] part of the Invaders' line was broken by Thorolf and Thorkill, Chancellor of London; and Anloff's array taken in the rear and his army vanquished.  He retreated to the Humber after a desparate conflict, in which 30,000 were said to have fallen, and regained Dublin [?]  Five Danish Kings and seven earls fell in this battle [11] and Athelstone began his reign as the first king 9at any rate nominally) of all England.
 
It is extremely likely that the crushing defeat at Brumanburgh shook the power of the Norse dynasty in Dublin to such an extent that it was unable to cope successfully with Brian Boroimbe's [?Boru's] intrigues and his ultimate attack at Clontarf [12].      
 
           
{Refer to section to follow taken from w.w.w.irishclans.com - 'Famous Irish']
 
Brian has been considered a usurper compared with the older pure Irish dynasties of O'Nial and others and it was clear that it was only by combining with the Danes and Norse that he succeeded in overcoming his native rivals.  He married his daughter to Sitric iii, Kind of Dublin, a cousin of Blacaire and this ensured his neutrality, the more so as there were feuds of old standing between the Danes and the Norse.  After Brian's death, at the hands of Brodis [?] {Bothair} on the eve of battle, anarchy set in and the Norsemen, under Sitric, retained Dublin and also the other ports they had founded at Waterford and Limerick, until Strongbow's advent in Ireland.
 [continued after the following inset section]
 
From   w.w.w.irishclans. com - 'Famous Irish', - 'Irish History and Culture'  - 'The Vikings in Ireland':
 
"It is possible, that an attack on the Northern Ireland coast and the Hebrides in 617 AD was the Vikings, but this cannot be proven. The first official attack on Ireland by the Vikings took place in 794 AD, about 10 years after the first attacks on the English coast, at Rechru (now the island of Lambay) very close to what is now Dublin. The raids continued for approximately 40 years, until finally in 832 AD the Vikings attacked in force under command of warrior named Tuirgeis.
 
One thousand warriors were under the command of Tuirgeis, and they sailed up the Liffey and the Boyne rivers raiding the interior of Ireland and establishing forts. Another fort was
established as a base for the Vikings in 837 AD at Ath Cliath, which was also, called Dubhlinn (Dublin).
 
Armagh, Irelands Holy City, and the home of the abbot were taken, and the abbot was evicted. Tuirgeis quickly turned the church into a pagan temple and made himself the high priest of the new religion. Most of Northern Ireland was now in the hands of Gaill (strangers).
This was due in a large extent to the fact that there was not a powerful High King in Ireland at the time. The tribal Kings were bickering among themselves and frequently allied with the Norwegian Vikings to conquer an enemy.
 
In 847, the tide turned for the Norwegian Vikings, as a new Viking force arrived.
In the early 10th Century, the Danes again largely took control of the land. But this was not to last for long. The Irish had learned much over the last century, they now knew how to build warships and understood sea tactics for battle. Their first victories were recorded by Cellachan of Cashel, who sacked the Viking capital of Dublin in 950 AD. He was quickly followed by Brian mac Cenneidgih, better known to history as Brian Boru.
 
Brian came to power as King of Munster in 976 AD with the death of his older brother Mahon, at the hands of the Vikings. Within three years, Brian had revenged his brother by taking control of almost all of southern Ireland away from the Vikings. By the end of the Century,
 Ireland was again largely in control of the Irish (under Brian Boru), except for a few small Kingdoms in the neighborhood of Dublin.
 
 Brian put up with these few small remaining Viking strongholds, as he apparently considered them a means to forward trade with other nations. He even married in an attempt to strengthen relations with the remaining Danes in Ireland. But differences of opinion among family soon brought the matter to a head again. The Danes considered themselves insulted and requested reinforcements from all the Viking lands, which came without reluctance.  Forces arrived from the Orkneys, Norway, France, Britain and Denmark in response to the request. In early 1014, sometime around Palm Sunday, the two sides met in battle. Vikings, who had successfully conquered Northumbria in England and Brittany in France now, arrived on the scene. They were well organized and had a much shorter line of supply.
With these advantages the Danes (dark foreigners or heathen) quickly went to battle with the Norweigan Vikings (white foreigners or heathen) over control of Ireland.
 
The battles took place at Sciath-Nechtin, Dublin, and at Carlingord Lough with the Danes emerging the victors in approximately 850 AD. The Norwegians countered a few years later regained control of a majority of the land. This back and forth battle continued for many years, as the Vikings had taken on an attribute of the Irish, and were now fighting among themselves for control of the land. They frequently went to the Irish for help against their opponent while the Irish did the same in their wars with others of their kind."
 
[To continue the account compiled by Latham C. M. Blacker - 'The History of the Family of Carrick-Blacker in Ireland'] :
 
Sitric III, towards the end of his reign, granted the revenues of certain lands, in North Dublin, peopled by Norwegians at Bealdwick (Boldoyle), Rochen (Roheny) and Portrahern (Portrare) to Bishop Donatus, in 1038, towards the foundation of the Cathedral of Christ Church (see appendix para (a).).  And in the Public Record office, there is a fragment of an old charter by Strongbow [Richard de Clare, called Strongbow.] to Hammond, granting the latter, who was the son of Asculph MacTorkill, the last of the Norse invaders, and who was beheaded by the Normans, certain land near Dublin.  All this tends to show the Northmen maintained themselves to a comparatively late date in Ireland.
 
In Yorkshire they survived even longer, and it was the Danes who rose and massacred William the Conqueror's garrison in York.  In revenge, he marched a large force north and devastated the whole country between York and the Tees, leaving hardly a soul alive.  The Norse settlements in which the Blacres were included seem to have escaped this destruction owing to their location in a corner of the country [13]
 
Near Barnsley, in the parishes of Darter and Dorsfield, there are two hamlets called Blacker, where the name has been affixed to many parts of the neighbourhood in the Ordinance Survey; this tending to show it is of old standing.
 
[Although I have not been able to trace these two hamlets on the old and detailed map I have (at 3 miles to the inch), there is clearly marked near Barnsley a Blacker Hill]
 
Again, in the Testamenta Eboraciensa, or Yorkshire Wills, compiled by the Surtees Society, the name occurs frequently as far back as 1330, but the records are carried forward nearly up to 1597, the date of Valentine Blacker.  These records constitute a most valuable link with the past, and their authority is undoubted.  During the War of the Roses, Sandal Castle near Wakefield was a noted stronghold and among the outworks which surrounded it, we find that
among other manor Houses, Blacker Hall, - another landmark in our chronology.  It is evident that the tradition of their Norse ancestry prevailed in those days, for on Valentine Blacker's arrival in Ireland, his first step towards settling there was to acquire the land and manor of Carrowbrook near Portadown, where tradition assigns the site of Blacaire's victory over Muircheartach, King of Aileck - tradition confirmed by the discovery of Danish [14] and Irish weapons near an ancient fort on the demesne.  There was no residence on the manor and as the terms of the Plantation of Ulster, introduced by James 1, demanded the erection of a castle or 'brawn' of a certain size, according to the acreage of the estate, the present house of Carrickblacker [15] was erected in 1692, as shown by a date on the wall.
 
Captain Valentine Blacker restored the old church of Seagoe where he now lies with many of his descendants, and the direct line remained at Carrickblacker [refer to note A] till 1881, where it passed to the present Canon Blacker of Woodbrook, Enniscorthy. [refer to note B]  Other branches spread over Ireland, and according to Griffiths, the total land owned by the family amounted to 25,000 acres, yielding a rental of ten thousand pounds a year roughly.  Captain Valentine's successor, George, fell under the displeasure of James II for joining the garrison of Londonderry when sent there to summon them to surrender.  His estate was confiscated, but after the victory of the Boyne, it was restored to his son, William, who had fought on the side of William III in that battle.
 
William's three sons, Stewart, Robert and Samuel, diverged by their descendants into three main branches.  Stewart became the ancestor of the Blackers of Carrickblacker, Brookend, Woodbrook, Lisuahanna [?], etc.; Robert those of Drogheda and Neath; and Samuel of St John of Elim Park, Grace Hall and Tullahunial [?], county Kerry, Thomas of Castlemartin, Valentine Murray MacGregor of Claremont, county Mayo, and others.
 
The following extract from the annals of the Four Masters will show more clearly the connection of Blacaire with ancient Irish History:-
 
"P647 Vol 1. Age of Christ 940,  Cluain-mic-nois [?] and Cill-Dara were plundered by Blacaire, son of Godfrey, and the foreigners of Atha-Cliath."
"A.D. 941 - Muircheartach of the Leathercoats (son of Niall Glundubh) Lord of Ailech, the Hestor of the West of Europe in his time was slain at Ath-Thirdiadh by Blacaire, lord of the foreigners on 26th March (a Sunday)."
"A.D. 943 - Blacaire, one of the chiefs of the foreigners, was expelled from Dublin."
"A.D. 946 - The Battle of Ath-Cliath was gained by Congalach, (son of Niall Glundubh) [Maelmithign], over Blacaire, grandson of Imhar, Lord of the "Norsemen, wherein Blacaire himself and 1600 men were lost [both wounded and captured, and upwards of a thousand along with him] in revenge of Muircheartach, son of Niall Glundubh,  slain by him some time before."
 
Note: P642 - "Lord or King of the Danes at Dublin at this time was Blacar, the son of Godfrey."
Note: P641  -  "Blacer Mac Godfrey arrived in Dublin to govern the Danes."
 
From these extracts will be seen the part that Blacaire played in the invasion of Ireland in those days, and the following, taken from Walford's County Families of the United Kingdom, corroborates this history very fully:
 
P.90 edition of 1864: Laing, Williams and other travellers have called attention to the great antiquity and long continuance in the same name and line of estate and family of Blacker of Blacker parish of Lome on the river Otta in Norway.  The lands were held by grants and charters of which the language and writing have become long obsolete.  The present Blacker retains the armour of his ancestors of a most ancient and remote character and can show (what is there considered comparatively modern) a letter of acknowledgement for his hospitable reception from King Harfager Magusen [? King Harold Harfager of Norway] to a predecessor upwards of 500 years ago, when that monarch passed a night at Blacker A.D. 1346? (Blackier - long 11 degrees E. lat. 60 degrees N.)  The Blackers at Carrickblacker derive also from the same source, a celebrated and powerful Norse Viking called Blacker (Blacaire or Blacar) whose figure they have always borne on their cognisance or coat-of-arms, and of whom it is related by Sir James Ware and other annalists, that, having subjugated considerable portions of the coasts of England and Ireland, he founded a dynasty in the latter country which lasted for several generations.  He appears to have retained a hold on England at the same time, and one of the finest remains of what are commonly called Danish encampments, is that which still bears the name of Blacker Hill in Chilcompton Hundred, Somerset. [There is also a Blacker Hill near Barnsley, Yorkshire]
 
It is in Yorkshire, however, that the name particularly appears in the Doomsday Book as holding lands before the Conquest; and by the Liber Hiberuiae [Liber Hiberniae ?] it appears that the family were again transferred to Ireland about three centuries ago from Poppleton in the A ??..stey [?] of York, and have since diverged into several important families of landed gentry in that country?
 
The above quotation does, it will be seen, coincide, except in some unimportant details, with the main facts as shown by other authorities.  For instance, the Blacker Hill in Somerset, though undoubtedly an ancient encampment, has most probably had the name attached to it in later days by some of the family, who settled in that part of England and in Wiltshire at a subsequent period.
 
The evidence that the stock was settled in Yorkshire for close to 600 years is too conclusive to be shaken; and the vicissitudes they experienced, from rulers in Dublin to landholders under the Norman, and again to landholders in Ireland are extremely remarkable.
 
In the Public Record office, at the Four Courts in Dublin, the original Will of Valentine, dated 11 days before his death, may be seen; and it is curious that in it he makes no mention of his eldest son, George, but leaves all his chattels, money and stock to his daughter, Violetta Gill, thus showing that the manor and lands of Carrick must have been entailed previously, probably in the deed of settlement of his wife, Judith Harrison, on his eldest son in male entail [?]
                        The following copy may be of interest:-
 
"Prerogative Wills, Public Record Office, Dublin.
Will of Valentine Blacker d. 1677 In the name of God. Amen.
This 6th. day of August, in the year of our Lord 1677, I Valentine Blacker, of Carrick in the par of Sego, in the county of Armagh, Esquire, being sick and weak of body, but of sound mind and memory thanks be to God, therefore, and calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing it is appointed for all men once to die, do make and order this my last will and testament in manner and form following, that is to say:
 
First and principally I give my soul into the hands of God who gave it to me; and for my body, I recommend it into the earth, to be buried in the decent and Christian manner near Judith, my wife's grave, Sego Church, nothing doubting but at the General Resurrection I shall receive the same again by the might power of God and touching such worldly goods wherewith it has pleased God to bless me in this life, I give, bequeath and dispose the same in manner and form following:
 
Imp.  I give and bequeath hereto my daughter, Violetta Gill, all my goods, monies and chattels whatsoever, viz: horses, mares, cows, heifers, monies, plate, bills, bonds, and writing brass, pewter, linen, apparel and all movable goods whatsoever to be belonging, the same to be in my said daughter, Violetta's possession, immediately after my decease.  And I do hereby utterly disallow, revoke and annul all and every other form of testaments, wills, legacies, bequeathed and disposed by me to my wife before this timed [sic] named and bequested [sic], and I do hereby make and ordain my said daughter, Violetta Gill, executrix to this my last will and testament, ratifying and confirming this, and no other, to be the last will and testament.  Witness hereof I have here unto got my hand and seal this day and year first above written.  Signed, sealed and published and pronounced and declared by the said Valentine Blacker in his last will in the presence of V. Gill, Schoolmaster Canally [?] and James William Jamieson.
Signed, sealed in the presence of Valentine Gill
Skollar [sic]  X   Ainli  'his mark'
James Jamieson
                        V. Blacker. "
 
 
Following this is a copy of the genealogy from Burke's History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland.  P. 48  Vol. 2  1836.
 
Blacker of Carrickblacker.  This family derives its name and descent from Blacar, King or Chief of the Northmen or Danes, who settled in Ireland in the beginning of the 10th century.  He was the son of Godfred and the grandson of Iwar (Imhar or Ivar Beinlans.) [see Note D]  succeeding his brother Amlawe [Amlaibh] in 938 he led back the Danes to Dublin, from whence they had been driven. In 940 he plundered Clonmacnoise and Kildare and the next year he slew with his own axe on 16th March, in a pitched battle on the banks of the Bann, Muircheartach, King of Ailech called the Hector or the bravest of his time; and the day after he marched against and sacked the city of Armagh.
It is a singular fact that his descendants have, for many generations preserved the site of this victory.
Traditions of the county, remains of an ancient encampment, the discovery of both Danish and Irish weapons (both of which are now in the possession of Col. Blacker) strongly corroborate the testimony of historians in this particular.
In 943 Blacar was driven from Dublin by a successful attack of the Irish and he fell in 946, near that city, with 1600 of his people, vanquished by Congaloch, King of Ireland and was succeeded by his son, Sitric MacBlacar.
By some authors he is called Blaccard, and it is worthy of observation that the name is still pronounced frequently by the lower classes Blackard.
 
Here follows the pedigree by the same authors; Extract from Burkes Commoners, Vol III P 48:
Captain Valentine Blacker of Carrick, in the parish of Sego {Seago ?] and the county of Armagh, as he is described in the old records, was born in 1597.  He married Judith, daughter of Sir Michael Harrison, of Ballydahaen [in Cork county] and had one son, George, and a daughter Violetta.  Captain Blacker purchased the manor of Carrowbrack with courts   [?]  and c. from Anthony Cope of  Loughgall.   [see note E]  22nd August, 1666.   This manor is commonly known by the names of Carrickblacker.  During Captain Blacker's lifetime, and principally by his means, the old Church of Sego, now in ruins, was built.  He died 17th August, 1677 and was interred in Sego Church.  His only son and successor, Major George Blacker, of Carrick and Ballyuaghie [? Ballyvaughan ? - see note F] both in the county of Armagh, espoused daughter Rosa, daughter of R. [Rowland] Young, Esquire of Drabestown [? Daperstown ? ] and had issue.-
 
William, his heir.  Legard [?] died 29th. August. 1686
 
 
[Note sourced from: Lurgan Ancestry:-            
1. Lurgan Ancestry: Timeline 1000 - 1699
    Obins, in Portadown. 1686 Rev. Legard Blacker, rector of Shankill dies.
 
 
Robert, Captrain, died 31st August, 1689, buried at Sego.
Frances m. Joh Tipping Esq., who died 25th February and was buried at Sego.
 
Major Blacker was one of the gentlemen obliged by James II to proceed to Londonderry for the purpose of demanding the surrender of that city, but remaining firm to the cause of William, his name together with that of his son, William Blacker, appeared in the Act of Attainder, of that day.
 
Mrs Rosa Blacker died 4.2.1689
Major Blacker , probably shortly after, both are interred in Sego Church. Major Blacker was succeeded by his eldest son, William Blacker Esquire of Carrick and Ballytroan, who built in 1692, as shown by a date on the wall, the present house of Carrickblacker.
 
[Note: CARRICKBLACKER, Armagh. The family home of the Blackers, who are said to trace their descent from Norse Kings, was demolished in 1956. There are memorials to the family in Segoe Parish Church, to the north-east of Portadown.]
 
This gentleman married first, before 1666 Elizabeth, daughter of the Hon. Robert Stewart of Derry and Stewart Hall, in the county of Tyrone, 3rd son of the 1st baron Castle Stewart, descended from the Dukes of Albany, and by whom (who died January 1678 and was buried at Ballyclog) he had an only son, Stewart, his heir. Mr Blacker espoused, secondly, late in life, Miss Mathers [?] and had another son, Samuel, of Taunderagee [?], county Armagh, who m. 29th April, 1734, Mary daughter of Isiah Corry Esq., of Rockcarry [? Rockcorry ?] in the county of Monaghan, and by her (who died 30th October 1771) he left issue:-
 
St John Blacker, in Holy Orders, Rector of Aoira, and afterwards Prelundary of Inver, born 28th September 1743 m. first 10th October 1767, Grace, daughter of Maxwell Close Esq., of Elm Park, county Armagh and sister of, Susan, daughter of Sir Barry Close, bart. Mr Blacker wedded, secondly, Susan, daughter of Dr. Nessiter of London. By his first wife (who died 1798) he had five sons and four daughters:-
 
I. Samuel LLD, in Holy Orders. Preby., of Mullabrack. B. 1771. m. first, Mary Ann, daughter of David Ross Esq., of Rosstrevor and sister of Major General David Ross of Bladensburg [?] by whom he had a son, Henry, d.s.p. and one daughter, Elizabeth. Dr. Blacker m. secondly Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Dorylass Esq., of Grace Hall, County Down and had issue:-
 
i. St. John Thomas  (Afterwards St. John Thomas Blacker-Dorylass having assumed by          b.1822.               Royal Licence, dated 10th June 1880, the additional surname and                              arms of Dorylass on succeeding to the estate of his uncle, Charles                                     Mathews Dorylass Esq.,)
ii. Thomas S.
iii. Theodosia
iv. Elizabeth
 
II. Maxwell, of Dublin,     K.C. Bencher of Kings Inns, Chairman of Kilmainham.
    b. 1776
III William of Gosford
    b. 1776
 
 
IV. Valentine C.B. Lieut-Col. E.I.Co. Serir [?] h. Inf. I.M.G. Madras, Surveyor General of India.
 b. 1778 m. 1813 Miss Johnson, and had three sons, Samuel Valentine Barry, Maxwell and St. John and one daughter, Emma Louisa Rosa. Lieut-Col. Blacker published in 1821 a History of the Mahratta and a map of Hindustan. He died in 1823.
V.                  St. John of Merrion [?] Square, Dublin, Lt. Col. N…..[?] .. Imf.
b. 1786   m. Miss Hammond and had two daughters – Charlotte and Isabella.
      VI. Mary
VII Catherine, m. Rev. C. Barker, and secondly Rev. Ball. 
VIII.Grace m. R. Alexander Esq., of Elder Brich Caledon family
IX.Charlotte [?] m. Lt. Col. Munro
 
William Blacker of Carrick was succeeded at his decease by his eldest son, Stewart Blacker Esq. Of Carrick b. 1671. He espoused Elizabeth, daughter of William Latham Esq. Of Brookend, County Tyrone and had issue:-
 
I. Stewart died in infancy.
II. William, his heir. 
III. Latham b. 1711 m. Martha daughter of Peter Beaver Esq. Of Drogheda by whom (who died 1802) he had:-
 
(i) Beaver m. his cousin Miss Susan Blacker and d. 1808, leaving Latham of Airfield Donnybrook, Glenkeen [?] and Lisnahama [?] county Tyrone, Solicitor to His Majesty’s Customs, Ireland, who m. Catherine, daughter of Rev. George Miller. D.D. late fellow of Trinity College, Dublin and had Beaver Henry and other issue.
(ii) Henry, Capt. 65th Reg. d.s.p. in America.
            (iii) William, m. Miss Hamlyn, took that name for property and had issue
(iv) Latham, Major 65th Reg. of Newent, county Gloucester m. Catherine, daughter of Col. Maddison of Lincolnshire, and had issue:-
(a) George d. unmarried. Ensign 65th Reg.
                                       (b) Martha m. Rev. John Fendall of Meserdine, Gloucester.
                                       (c) Catherine m. Richard Onslow.
                                       (d) Theodosia m. in 1832 to 6th Lord Monson d.s.p. 1841.
                                (v) Elizabeth m. Henry Coddinton Esq., M.P. of Oldbridge, where the Battle of the   Boyne was fought in 1690.
 
 
IV. Henry, in Holy Orders, b. 1713 m. Miss Martin and had a daughter, Frances, who died unmarried.
 
V.      George of Hall’s Mill in county Down. b. 1718 m. 1747 Alicia, only child of Edward Dowdoll Esq., of Mountown in Meath (by Alicia Houghton relict of Parsons Esq., brother to Sir P. Parsons Bart., father of Earl of Rosse) and had with other issue James Blacker, Magistrate of Dublin b. 1759, who m. Miss Mansergh [?] and had inter alia ios the Rev. George Blacker, chaplain to the city of Dublin and Rector of Taghadoe [?] county Kildare.
 
VI. Barbara b. 1706 m. James Twigg Esq., of Rohan Castle, county Tyrone
    
Mr. Blacker died 1751 aged 80 and was buried at Sego. He was succeeded by his eldest son, William Blacker Esq., of Carrick and Brookend. b. 1709. He m. Letitia, daughter of Henry Cory of Duniven Castle M.P. for County Derry, by whom he had 21 children and together with those of his brothers George and Latham, made up the number of 60, seven of whom were killed in action in the East Indies. Mr. Blacker d. in 1783, at the age of 80 and was interred beside his wife in the Abbey Church in Bath, in which city he had resided the latter years of his life. He left issue:-
 
i.         Stewart, his heir.
ii.       William, Capt. 105th Reg. served in the American War. He m. the daughter and heiress of Arthur Jacob Esq., of Killan, county Wexford and had with another son and four daughters, his heir:-
   (a) William Blacker Esq., of Woodbrook, county Wexford who m. Annie Carew daughter of the late M.P. for county Wexford and sister to Robert Carew Lord Lieutenant of that shire, by whom he left at his death in 1831 two sons and two [?] daughters. Viz:-
                                          William of Woodbrook
                                          Robert Shapland Carew (present head of the family)
                                          Anne
                                          Susan
                                          And others (Ellen, Hannah and Jane)
 
iii.                  Henry a Captain in the 62nd Reg. served in the American War and was wounded and taken prisoner with Gen. Burgoyne at Saratoga. He inherited from his maternal uncle, the Rt. Hon. Edward Cory the house and property of Milburn, county Derry. He died 1827 and was buried at Coleraine, leaving his estate to his nephew, the Rev. Richard Olpherts.
 
 
iv.      George, in Holy Orders, d. Vicar of Sego 1810. Aged 46.
 
v. Eliza b. 1739 m. Sir William Duncan, Judge of the Supreme Court of Juricature, Bengall and had with other issue, Letitia, wife of Sir F.W. Maruaghten [?] of Beardville, county Antrim. Lady Duncan d. in Devonshire Place 1822.
 
vi.   Barbara m. to Richard Olpherts Esq., of Armagh and had issue
vii. Martha
viii. Alicia, m. in 1772 to General Sir James Stewart, Denham [?] Bart. G.C.H. of Coltness and Goodtrees, Lanarkshire. Colonel of the 2nd Dragoons.
      ix. Jane m/ James Fleming Esq., of Bellville, county Cavan and had issue.
 x. Letitia m. to General the Hon. Edward Stopford, brother to the Earl of Courtown and had issue.
 xi   Lucindra
 
 
The eldest son and the successor – The very Rev. Stewart Blacker of Carrick, Dean of Leighlin, latterly Rector of Dumcree and vicar of Seagoe, b. in 1740, espoused Eliza. Daughter of Hugh Hill Bart. M.P. for Londonderry, by whom (who died 27th February 1797) he had, with other children who died young, 4 sons and 5 daughters, viz:-
 
I.   William, his heir.
II.George b. 27th December 1784. Capt. In the H.M. E.I.C. 17th Infantry m Annie, daughter of Capt. William Sloanen, Royal Bengal Artillary and had issue:-
 
       (i)   Stewart A.M.[?] Barrister at law b. 1st January, 1808.
       (ii) Eliza Hill
       (iii) Hester Anne (Baroness von Steiglitz)
       (iv) Sophia Maria.
 
Captain George Blacker died 31st August 1815 soon after the Battle of Kolumga [?] (from wounds received in that action) deeply lamented by all to whom he was known. The native soldiers overcame their ancient prejudices of caste and bore him to his grave and his brother officers erected a handsome monument to his memory at Saharanpur.
 
 
III. Stewart Capt. Royal navy, posted as such in 1821. d. unmarried 25th April, 1826.
 
 
IV James Stewart A.M. [?] in Holy Orders. Rector of Keady in county Armagh. b. 16th   February 1797 m. 30th November, 1824 Eliza eldest daughter of Conyingham [?] Greg Esq., of Ballymenoch in Downshire and had issue:-
 
      (i) Stewart Beresford b. in Dec, 1826
      (ii) Conyingham b. in April, 1832
      (iii) Eliza
      (iv) Sophia
 
V. Letitia m. George Studdert Esq., of Bunratty Castle, county Clare and d. 8th April 1831 leaving issue
 
VI. Sophia m. first Mathew Ford Esq., of Seaforde in the county of Down, and secondly to Stewart Hamilton Esq., of Brownhill county Donegal. He died in June 1829, leaving issue.
 
VII. Eliza who m. first Hugh Lyons Montgomery Esq., of county Leitrim and of Laurencetown in Downshire by whom (who was killed by a fall from his horse 26th April) she had issue. She wedded secondly at Tours in France, 29th September, 1830 Monsceur [sic] de Chompre, Royal Cuirassiers.
 
VIII. Louisa m. John Rea Esq., of St. Columbs in the county of Derry, by whom (who died 1832) she left at her decease in 1815, two daughters, the elder of whom, Elizabeth espoused her cousin George Hill Esq., now of St. Columbs, nephew and heir to the Hon. Sir George F. Hill Bart. Governor of Trinidad.
 
IX. Caroline d. unmarried 30th April 1828.
 
 
Dean Blacker died 1st December, 1826, aged 86 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Lieut. William Blacker of Carrick, who m. Anne, daughter of Sir Andrew Ferguson of Derry.
Arms: Arg. Futte de Bang, A Norse Warrior armed with a battleaxe and a dexter and a sword in a sinister hand, all ppr. Quartering the arms of Harrison, Stewart, Hamilton, Beresford, Cary and others.
       Crest: anciently a Danish battleaxe, latterly the same supported by an arm in armour ppr.
       Motto: “Pro Deo et Rege”    …………………….”
 
The object in inserting the foregoing extract from Burke’s Commoners, now a rare book, dated 1826, is to draw attention to records which have been crowded out of Burke’s Landed Gentry by the large number of families who wish to have their pedigrees inserted. These pedigrees, of interest, no doubt, to their possessors, possess no interest whatsoever to the general reader or student of archaeological research.
 
A very valuable mine of information is contained in the Doomsday Book from which I offer the following transcription, copied from the part relating to Everwichshire, the then name of Yorkshire.
“Estreding [?] Wigstuan [?] Hundred.
In Torp 7 Iretune hbr. Carle 7 Blacre IIII car. Tre. 7 duin ad. Gld. Ubi pots ee. In ear re ut Wills 7 waste e T.R. Fual XVI   Solin XXI dim”
This is one of two extracts showing that one of the name held 4 carucats or hides of land at that time, 1086, the date of the conclusion of the compilers of the Doomsday Book. What makes these latin entries difficult to understand is the way the words have been abbreviated in the original text, which was photogincographed by the Royal Engineers Dept. of the Ordinance Survey, …..[?] …. Col. James. It is, however, only natural that it was some centuries before the invention of printing, and every entry had to be written down on vellem by hand.
 
The portion relating to Yorkshire has, unfortunately, not yet been translated but the sense of the above extract is that Charles Blacre held 4 hides of land. The sign that looks like a 7 is not one, but a sort of mark between paragraphs. Car. Stands for “caruncate” or hide, an amount of which a yoke of oxen could plough in one day and varied from about 80 to 120 acres, according to the nature of the soil and the district. “Tre” stands for “terrae”. Again we come to the next extract:
         “In Altume Blacre Ghelander Torbrand. Lbr VI   car. Tre.”
         “In Snechinture Lbr. Blacre I car tre 7 dim ad. Gld.”
 
Here again we find the name transformed, no doubt by the Norman Scribe, to whom the spelling of the old Norse names must have been a puzzle, but still to the experienced antiquarian it is quite enough to establish the link with Blacaire, whose elder brother, Arloff, made his peace with Edmund, after the death of Athelstone and was baptised in 940 and was granted Northumbria. In Stephen’s Rumic Monuments P487, we find mention of an old stone inscribed in the Ruins [?], which were the ancient means of forming inscriptions in Scandinavian Countries, and on it the two words, of which the following is a copy translated:-
         CUN (unc) or King
         ANLAF
This stone was found built into the wall of an old Church in Yorkshire. I think I have said sufficient to establish the case as far as this link is concerned, and to go further we must turn to the parish of Grete Sandal near Wakefield in the same county.
[This is possibly Sandal Magna, which lies near Wakefield, to the south.]
 
The history of Sandal Castle, one of the strongholds of the Yorkists in the War of the Roses, is extremely interesting; and in Picturesque Yorkshire we find the following castles and halls mentioned as its outposts:- Sharleston, Crofton, Kettlethorpe, Blacker, Walton, and Chapelthorpe, showing that this part of the country must have become the seat of the family in those days.
 
Sandal Castle is supposed to date from 8th century and first belonged to the Earl of Warrene [John De Warrene died 1138] and Surrey, to whom it was assigned on feudal tenure by William the Conquorer.
 
It covered 6 acres and was consumed by fire in 1317 and restored in 1328. According to Langley, it was conferred on the Earl of Cambridge in 1385, who was created Duke of York by Richard II. It passed to his son, Edward, in 1415 and to his nephew, Richard, in 1460, at the time of the Battle of Wakefield, where the Duke of York was enticed out of the secure stronghold of Sandal Castle, and defeated and slain by the forces of Queen Margaret.
 
The castle then became a crown possession in 1495 and part of the Duchy of Lancaster (with Sir John Tempest as constable) in 1545.   It passed to Sir James Savile, Mayor of Leeds, created Baron of Pontefract; in 1628 and then to the Beaumonts of Whitley in 1645.
 
This family of Savile was connected with the Blackers in about 1460 when Agnes, daughter of Henry Savile, Yeoman of the King’s Chamber married Thomas Blakker, of the parish of Grete Sandal. Our family was evidently therefore well established in Yorkshire in those days, as shown also by other Wills, notably that of Roger Amya’s of Grete Sandal parish dated March 10th 1499 to 1500 in which he names as legatees John Thurgunland [?] and Thomas Blakker, husband of his two daughters. (This is a later Thomas.)
 
Again we find the Will of the first Thomas, dated 11th August, 1486, where his legatees are his sons, Richard and John and his granddaughter, Joan. He also bequeathed the sum of XIJ pence to furnish a silver censer to the local chapel.
 
There is also in this Surtees collection of old Wills made of the endowerment of a Chauntrie (i. –see below) in the Church of Grete Sandal by John Blacker with XIIIJS and IJD (Foundation Henry IV) on the 3rd day of May 1404.
 
We find as well in these documents records of a licence of “certain lande” at Normanton in the name of Thomas Blacker at I.D.J. on 4th August 1331 (Pat. 5. Edw.III p2. m. 27)
 
There is at present preserved at Woodbrook, in the possession of Canon Blacker an ancient carved box, evidently used once for containing the old missals, on which is cut the date of 1441 and a monogram apparently J. or T.B.     This heirloom plainly belonged to a Thomas or John of those days.
 
It is very curious that at the time the strange alternation of names characteristic of the old Scandinavians already obtained in the family, as shown in the pedigree table, proving that its representatives were already aware of their Norse origin, when the son was always named for his Grandsire.
 
In Marshall’s visitation of Wiltshire, there is a note of a Blacker who, about 17th century, was Lord of the Manor in that county.
 
This is very likely an emigration, perhaps from Somersetshire, for we find in the Great Roll of the P….[? Proceedings in Parliament, ?]… (15 Hen.II) 1667-68 Coram Rege Roll for Devonshire and Somersetshire the name Blaca of Blacatoritana some of whom in 1174-75 as Sui…[?]… and Richardus are noted by the Sheriff when he called there for the King’s taxes, fragile [?] smut [?]
 
It is possible that this is an ancient offshoot to whom the appellation of Blacker’s Hill, in Chilcompton Hundred, Somerset is due, though as I said before, this designation is probably a more modern one, for in the historical manuscripts, one Widow Blacker is mentioned as living in this county.
 
In the Cecil M.S.S. preserved at Halfield there is a letter from Dom Joan de Castro to the Earl of Essex, concerning the relations between England and Portugal, dated 15th October 1698, in which the writer says:
“I am sending this by the hands of an Englishman named Blacar”. This is a curious incident for though the name has undergone many changes, the original sound, which, in ancient days was the only criterion, has always been preserved.
 
It is strange to find the old form preserved down as far as 1698, but it really corroborates the reason for the present spelling of the name which was that Cromwell, after the settlement of Ireland ordered that all Irish men should take the name of a colour such as Grey, White etc. or the name of a place. Valentine, to conform with this law must have simply changed one or two letters and Dom Joan’s “Englishman” not having come to Ireland, thus escaped the rule.
 
Another peculiarity of the family is the strong family likeness between members of even distant branches – a likeness that has been observed even by strangers. (i. i.e. Chantry)
 
The Danish or Norse type is also distinctly evident in this stock, whose ancestors undoubtedly were the first founders of the present capital of Ireland – a fact which has never been adequately recognised especially when we consider the endowment and foundation of one of its metropolitan churches by them, and the services rendered to the crown and state by many of their descendants. When we reflect also that Blacaire’s own brother Arloff nearly achieved the ascent of the throne of England it would seem that the exploits of this ancient line have never been properly known, even to antiquarians and it is hoped that this little History may have the effect of bringing to light this and many other points.